original title of this dissertation was Time For An Honest
Symposium On False Allegations Of Rape. It
came about after I read the December 2010 issue of VIOLENCE
AGAINST WOMEN which contains
an in-depth report, Symposium on False Allegations of Rape,
pages 1318-95. This lengthy piece consists of a number of
superficially scholarly articles, superficially being the operative
word. VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN is a peer-reviewed journal, which
should mean that before its contents are published they are read
critically and fact checked. There is little if any evidence of
critical reading here, and fact checking appears to have been thrown
out of the window.
had intended to write a damning critique of it and submit it
half-heartedly to the journal. Had I done so it would of course have
been rejected. For one thing I am not an accredited scholar, indeed
many people would say I am not a scholar at all, but a quarter of a
century and more researching in the British Library and some of the
finest archives in the UK (read the world) is not a bad substitute
for a university education, especially one that revolves around the
pseudo-subject of gender studies.
proceeding it should not be necessary to state the obvious but for
the avoidance of doubt, rape is always a serious criminal offence,
when there is credible evidence of rape, it should be prosecuted to
the full extent of the law, and should always result in a custodial
sentence. Serial rape – ie that perpetrated by a man who targets
women in pre-planned, calculated attacks – should warrant an
exemplary sentence, oftentimes a life sentence.
rape is a serious crime, a high level of proof should be warranted,
and there should be no special pleading in order to erode the rights
of the accused.
said that, too many people writing on this subject – academics and
others – fail to distinguish between research and advocacy. One
mantra that is repeated day in, day out, and is repeated here also,
is both that rape is a vastly under-reported crime and that false
reports of rape are extremely rare. In support of this mantra,
feminist authors in particular are fond of quoting statistics,
many of which appear to have been conjured up out of thin air. To
take just one example, Kat Banyard claims at least 100,000 women are
raped every year in the UK, adding the rape conviction rape is 6.5
per cent. (1)
reality is that no one knows how many rapes go unreported, obviously
some do, but the figure of 100,000 annually for the UK alone has
absolutely no basis in fact. In recent years there have been a number
of surveys that peddle the claim that one woman in 5, one in 4 or even one in 3 has been or will be raped or sexually assaulted in her
lifetime. These surveys are obviously based on small samples, and
they have about the same credibility of those that claim millions of
Americans believe they have been abducted by aliens.
surveys are skewed by unrepresentative samples extrapolated to
national or near global level, and include among other things loaded
questions and semantic gymnastics. It may indeed be true that one
woman in 5 or even one in 3 will be the victim of rape or sexual
assault in her lifetime, but that manufactured statistic doesn’t
sound quite so terrible when the word “or” and the phrase “sexual
assault” are taken into consideration. Using that wonderful word
“or”, the claim that one woman in a million will be raped and one
in 3 will be sexually assaulted means more or less the same thing.
if one includes leering in the definition of “sexual assault” as
some of the more radical feminists imply, then there is
probably hardly a person on this planet – female or male – who
has not been the “victim” of some kind of sexual assault in her
or his life. If this kind of rhetoric sounds facile, it is, but it is
not mine; check out some of the garbage they peddle on sundry
feminist websites, and you’ll understand.
to the journal, throughout this lengthy report it is simply assumed
that rape is a vastly under-reported crime. I propose though to focus
on one contribution/contributor to demonstrate just how loose a grip
on reality such feminist
Belknap contributes Rape: Too Hard to Report and Too Easy to
Discredit Victims. Incredibly she has a PhD in criminology and is
currently Professor of Sociology at the University of Colorado
Boulder where a truly great mind, the late Albert Bartlett, spent his
entire academic career.
her contribution to the rape symposium, Professor Belknap plays this
stupid numbers game, she says at page 1335: “Although false
allegations are 5% of all rapes reported to the police, the fact that
at least 90% of rapes are never reported to the police” suggests
“0.005% are false allegations”.
Internet activist Angry Harry has done an interesting calculation
based on this. Imagine a city in which 20 women are raped in a
certain period. If only 10% of these victims report their rapes, then
clearly 2 of them will turn up at the police station. But if only 5%
of allegations are false, then one false accuser will turn up for
those two, in other words 1 out of 3 recorded rape allegations will
% figure given by Joanne Belknap would mean that one rape allegation
in 20,000 is bogus. That claim is not only prima facie absurd
but shows a complete lack of understanding of human nature. Last year
I published a timeline of false rape cases from the year 2000. I was
careful to include only unambiguously false rape cases; this was done
using limited resources with even more limited time, yet it gives the
lie to this 1 in 20,000 nonsense. For example, in 2003, by October
there were no fewer than 7 false rape cases in Dunedin, New Zealand,
a city which has a population of less than 150,000.
Professor Belknap’s claim that 95% of college women do not report
their “rape victimization to the police” is based on what
evidence, exactly? There are though clues in her article that
indicate evidence is the last thing Professor Belknap would ever
accept to substantiate an allegation of false rape, in particular her
summary acceptance of the Tawana Brawley and Duke Lacrosse hoaxes as
real rapes. These two cases are not only in the public domain but
have been subjected to intense scrutiny by journalists and academics
as well as by the legal authorities. The bulk of the rest of this
article will deal with these.
On page 1337, she says of the Tawana Brawley case:
“...given the defendants were largely from the criminal legal
system, from the small town where Ms. Brawley lived, it certainly
seems feasible that evidence tampering could have occurred. It seems
particularly unlikely that the police officer who killed himself
shortly after Ms. Brawley reported would have done so if he had not
of the Duke Lacrosse case she writes: “I am also unconvinced that
the complainant in the Duke case was not raped at the lacrosse team
some historical context. There are three such incidents in American
history from the 1930s to date that stand out as unique: the 1931
case of the Scottsboro Boys; the 1987 Tawana Brawley case; and the
2006 Duke Lacrosse case. All three were what are classified as “hate
crime hoaxes”. Usually these involve pointing the finger of
suspicion at a member or members of another race, although they are
not necessarily racially motivated. Indeed, it is my belief that none
of the above cases were. In addition to the “hate crime” element,
all three of the above included a sexual element in the hoax.
the three, the Scottsboro case – which will not be discussed here –
was uniquely wicked because the victims, nine young Negro males who
were railroaded by the lies of one white woman (2) faced the death
penalty, if not by judicial execution then by lynching.
is another thing these three hoaxes all have in common, this is, as
stated of Tawana Brawley and Duke Lacrosse, they have been
extensively researched and documented beyond all meaning of the word,
and while a reasonable person may question the innocence of O.J.
Simpson or Casey Anthony, or the guilt of Michael Stone or Omar Benguit, no reasonable person can in all honesty claim that the
Scottsboro Boys, those accused by Tawana Brawley, or the Duke
Lacrosse defendants were in fact guilty. These were all manufactured
crimes. Period. Furthermore, for Professor Belknap to dismiss the
latter two summarily as real crimes rather than hoaxes is an act of
acute intellectual dishonesty that is inexcusable. She is not an
ordinary member of the public who is entitled to make snap judgments
based on superficial knowledge. She was participating in what was
ostensibly a symposium to further human knowledge and quite likely to
shape academic and even social policy.
us then deal with these cases, the Tawana Brawley hoax first. In
November 1987, Miss Brawley, then 15 years old, was found apparently
unconscious in a garbage bag near her former home in New York State.
She had been smeared with faeces, her clothing had been burned as
well as torn, and on her torso written in black letters were the
legend KKK, the dreaded N word – capitalised with its correct
spelling – and the word “Bitch”. Brawley claimed she had been
raped by six white men. And held captive for four days.
1987, there were small branches of the Ku Klux Klan even in the UK,
but the heyday of this once notorious organisation was long past, and
its meetings even in the Deep South attracted more mirth than fear.
Furthermore, although Klansmen have been responsible for real crimes
in the past – including murders – did they ever carry out an
attack of this nature on any black person? And would any Klansman
much less a gang of six rape a black woman, be she of age or a teen?
story was treated by the media initially as a genuine rape, but was
quickly exposed as a hoax, although some black activists – Al
Sharpton in particular – made capital out of it. It is important to
note that the Tawana Brawley case was played out as a “hate crime”,
ie anti-black rather than as a mere rape, the fact that the
non-victim was black being far more important than any perceived
hoaxes of this nature are surprisingly common, although seldom so
outrageous. In 2013, a hate crime hoax of a strikingly similar nature
was perpetrated at Winnsboro in the Deep South. Indeed, the Sharmeka Moffitt case was even more outrageous than the Tawana Brawley case
because the non-victim actually set herself on fire. Again, it was
quickly established that neither the Ku Klux Klan nor run-of-the-mill
racists were responsible.
spite of they’re being perpetrated mostly by blacks (and
occasionally by Jews), arguably the two most outrageous hate crime
hoaxes in American history are the crimes of Charles Stuart and Susan
Smith. In 1989, Stuart murdered his heavily pregnant wife then shot
himself in the back and phoned the police to report the couple had
been the victim of an attempted carjacking. The case generated both
enormous sympathy for Stuart and racial tensions in the city, Boston.
Months later the truth came out, but before he could be arrested,
Stuart committed suicide by throwing himself in the river.
case of Susan Smith was equally shocking; in October 1994, the young
South Carolina mother of two claimed to have been carjacked by a
black man, saying he drove off with her sons on the back seat of her
car. The following month she led the authorities to the lake where
she had dumped the car with the boys still inside. (3)
the Tawana Brawley case did not involve harming a third party, it
garnered worldwide publicity. One would have expected a genuine
victim to have cooperated fully with the police investigation, and
even if she had been too shocked (or whatever) to do so, what about
her family? They did not, although race-hustlers (Al Sharpton and
others) descended on the family, making allegation after allegation,
although no evidence was ever forthcoming.
January 26, 1988, the Governor of New York, Mario Cuomo, appointed
Attorney General Robert Abrams Special Prosecutor for the case. On
February 29, a special Grand Jury was empanelled which heard from
over 180 witnesses, received 250 exhibits, and generated 6,000 pages
of evidence. The resulting report (4) was made available to the
public, and certainly would have been available to Joanne Belknap if
she had deigned to seek it out. Instead, she preferred to ignore it
and in her article relied on innuendo about a cover up. She does
though quote another feminist academic, Patricia J. Williams,
thus, on page 1338, “After Tawana Brawley, who will believe the
next black woman who says she was raped by white men?”
answer to that question is probably very few as according to FBI
statistics – which being based on actual convictions are far more
reliable than feminist statistics – white on black rape is
virtually unknown in contemporary America.
talking of Professor Williams, this is the same Patricia J. Williams
who wrote of Tawana Brawley in the same book that “This much is
certainly worth the conviction that Tawana Brawley has been the
victim of some unspeakable crime. No matter how she got there. No
matter who did it to her—and even if she did it to herself. Her
condition was clearly the expression of some crime against her, some
tremendous violence, some great violation that challenges
comprehension. And it is this much that I grieve about. The rest of
the story is lost, or irrelevant in the worst of all possible ways”.
(5) There is really no arguing with that kind of twisted logic. She
too simply assumes Brawley was raped; at page 176 she claims when
Brawley was conveyed to the hospital she was unconscious, and alludes
to “her rape”.
can we be so certain the Tawana Brawley case was a hoax? The
following is extracted from the report of the Grand Jury (see note 4
Brawley was seen to climb into the garbage bag in which she was
found. The person who saw this found her behavior so odd that she
phoned the sheriff. At the hospital, no evidence was found to
indicate Tawana Brawley had been raped, nor did she claim she had
been at that time. She had no meaningful physical injuries, and was
discharged that same night. There was no evidence that she had spent
much time in a wooded area as claimed. She showed no signs of
exposure, malnourishment or dehydration. She was also examined by a
to forensic pathologist Dr Justin Uku: “The absence of any of the
factors I mentioned before on the body would seem to discount that
such an assault took place.” (Page 47).
Ezra Griffith of Yale University School of Medicine diagnosed here as
“malingering her complaints” of unresponsiveness, (page 54).
There is a lot more where that came from, so for Professor Belknap to
dismiss the whole thing as a cover up is absurd. There is only one
cover up here, that is of the Tawana Brawley hate crime hoax.
more recent Duke Lacrosse case has been subjected to similar
scrutiny, and indeed it beggars belief that it was ever reported in
the mainstream media as anything stronger than an alleged rape. The
most convenient source of information about the case is the book Race
To Injustice... (6). The following is extracted from that book.
The Lacrosse team booked two exotic dancers (strippers if you will);
Kim Roberts turned up sober, but Crystal Gail Mangum did not. She
arrived at around 23.40 on March 13, 2006. Worse, Mangum was said to
have taken a powerful muscle relaxant and could hardly stand up. The
“show” started at midnight and finished at 5 past because of
this. Mangum was so drunk she had to he carried to the car.
were “words” between Miss Roberts and at least one of the team,
and racial insults were used on both sides. This was perhaps a little
unfair to her, but it was understandable because they had paid $800.
Kim Roberts was accused by Mangum of stealing her money and her
phone. This may be true, Roberts is a convicted felon, but whether or
not that was the case, she drove Mangum to the hospital where the
“victim” told doctors she had been raped vaginally. Then she said
she had been raped vaginally, anally and orally, cleaned up and taken
back to the car. One should always allow for a genuine rape victim to
be confused or shocked, especially if she is under the influence of
both alcohol and drugs, as was Mangum, so the inconsistency here is
not fatal to her account of the evening. Other factors are though.
Roberts said the sexual assault claims were a “crock”; as there
had been a certain amount of friction between her and at least one of
the lacrosse players, this claim is not only credible but comes from
the one witness who had no dog in the fight.
semen, blood or saliva was found after Mangum was tested, and
apparently no male DNA; as a result of this, DA Mike Nifong ordered a
second, more sensitive DNA test.
April 6, Mangum made a witness statement in which she claimed she had
been raped in a bathroom by 3 members of the team - vaginally and
orally - and had been hit in the face. The enhanced DNA test revealed
no match for any of the lacrosse players, but there was evidence of
male DNA from 4 unidentified men on the rectal swabs and on her
than there being any cover up or fabrication of evidence here to
exculpate three guilty men, Nifong wilfully misled the media and
attempted to mislead the courts too. The evidence indicates he did
this because he was up for re-election, and wanted to be seen by
blacks as the “good” white candidate clamping down on those
wicked crackers who had raped a black girl. Whether or not that was
the case, his scandalous behaviour would cost him his job, his
freedom and his solvency. He filed for bankruptcy in January 2008
after being sued by his victims.
the Tawana Brawley hoax, all this is a matter of public record, and
is so thoroughly documented that to attempt to dismiss it summarily
is an act of total and utter venality, certainly for an academic of
Professor Belknap’s “stature” in a peer-reviewed journal.
the record, this was not the first false rape allegation Mangum had
made; she made one ten years earlier, in 1996, when she was 18 years
old. In April 2011, she was arrested after stabbing her lover
Reginald Daye, who later died in hospital. In November 2013, she was
convicted of second degree murder and ordered to serve 14 years 2
months to 18 years in prison. Enough said about this “victim”.
was after the publication of this issue of the magazine and the
Belknap article, but it is clear she has elected consciously to
rubber stamp the most unreliable type of “evidence” - hearsay and
anonymous surveys – in order to bolster the widely held but
erroneous belief that rape is endemic in American society, more so on
its campuses than anywhere else, a claim that is self-evident
nonsense. And she has done this while summarily dismissing
irrefutable evidence of pernicious rape hoaxes.
the very real problems of rape and sexual assault can be tackled in
the United States or anywhere else, it is necessary to gauge the true
extent of these crimes, that means an honest and open discussion, not
the fantasy that is currently being peddled throughout the halls of
academe, and brainwashing generations of young women.
let us attempt to answer the title of this article: who invented rape
culture? Exactly who first coined this vacuous phrase is not known
for certain, but it can be traced to the so-called second wave of
feminism in the 1970s. More important is who is perpetuating
this nonsense today? The answer is brainwashed women throughout the
Western world, including and especially on the campuses of North
America, and most especially by feminist academics.
lies – and that is what we must call them – have had nothing but
a detrimental effect on social policy, because good social policy
cannot be based on lies. What can be done to remedy these lies is
beyond the scope of this dissertation, but remember, you read it hear
first, so don’t blame me if these fanatics succeed in tearing up
the constitution and undermining what is left of the social order in
the United States, as they have already done in Sweden and are
attempting to elsewhere.
Notes And References
(1) The Equality Illusion: The Truth about Women and Men Today, by Kat Banyard, published by Faber & Faber, London, (2011), page 2. The exact quote from this paperback edition is: “At least 100,000 women are raped each year in the UK and the rape conviction rate is 6.5 per cent.” (2) Although initially Ruby Bates also claimed to have been gang-raped, she recanted; Victoria Price never did, and it is clear that but for her wantonness, the whole disgraceful incident and years of misery that followed would never have happened.
Both the Stuart case and the Smith case have also been extensively
documented. The interested reader/viewer will find documentary
footage of both on-line, including of course on YouTube. The Stuart
case was also the subject of an excellent dramatisation, Goodnight
Sweet Wife: A Murder In Boston.